Propolis – 50 million years' research from nature
Propolis is the protective resin of honey bees. It protects the beehive naturally against viruses, bacteria and fungal attack. Because there are often more than 60,000 bees in a hive, living together in a confined space in a temperature of approx. 35 °C, conditions are ideal for the propagation of germs. To prevent this, the whole interior of the hive is covered with a fine propolis layer. In addition, at the entrance hole there is a kind of propolis carpet, which, like a "disinfection sluice", prevents agents causing disease from entering the beehive.
Researchers have found that, thanks to propolis, a beehive is almost as sterile as an operating theatre.
The term propolis is derived from the Greek words pro = for and polis = town, essentially meaning "the defensive system of the town".
The secret of propolis
The broad active spectrum of propolis is attributed to the interaction of more than 150 different natural substances, which, by their unique composition, protect the beehive against various germs – and already have been doing so for more than 50 million years, as was proven by amber finds.
For this reason, scientists also speak in this connection of "50 million years' research from nature".
Just as propolis protects the beehive, it also contributes to the preservation of human health.
Propolis – nature's valuable protection
Bees gather the resinous raw material for propolis production from buds and bark. With the addition of enzymes, pollens and wax, it is processed into the final propolis. The beekeeper can only "harvest" approx. 60 to 100 g per year from one beehive. The extraction of propolis occurs, as with the honey, without impairing life in the beehive.